On March 4, 2022, it was published in the Official Gazette the Exempt Resolution No. 923 of 2022, of the Ministry of Agriculture, which amends Resolution No. 9.074, of 2018, which establishes conditions and requirements to authorize microbial pesticides for commercialization.
In consideration of the global trend towards the development and preference of microbial pesticides, as these are considered as an alternative with less impact on human health and the environment in relation to conventional chemical synthesis pesticides and, faced with the need to regulate the production and quality of biological pesticides of microbial origin that are authorized and marketed in Chile, Resolution Exempt No. 9. 074 of 2018, incorporating standards that seek to establish protocols and methodologies for the identification of microorganisms present in a microbial pesticide, as well as to determine the quality parameters of a microbial pesticide.
In this sense, protocols, methodologies and parameters were incorporated for the following methods or processes:
1. Methodology for identification and characterization of the microorganism;
2. Methods of analysis or techniques to (i) identify the microorganism to the established level of specificity, (ii) determine the content of the microorganism in the produced material to be used in the manufacture of formulated products, and (iii) determine contaminating microorganisms or relevant impurities, when applicable;
3. Documents supporting human health effects and effects on non-target organisms, for the authorization of microorganisms; and,
4. Analytical methods, application data, effect on human health and effects on non-target organisms, for the evaluation of formulated products based on microorganisms.